World History. Lectures, control works for students


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What was the Industrial Revolution and what did it mean for industrialized states in Western Europe? What were some of the larger and longer-term consequences?

How did Sultan Abd al-Hamid II rule the Ottoman Empire (1876-1909) after he had taken office?

What did the Young Turks do to oppose the revived despotism of the Sultan?

What were the long-term demographic, social, political, and economic ef-fects of the Neolithic Revolutions.

How did pastoral societies resemble or differ from early agricultural societies?

In the Communist Manifesto, Marx anticipated a revolution of the proletariat. Where, under what circumstances? Might Marx have been surprised?

Identify the causes of WWI, showing how an isolated incident escalated, in only a few months, into a general crisis.

Discuss the consequences of WWI, especially the Russian revolution of 1917. Who were the winners and losers in Russia in 1917?

Define Totalitarianism in the USSR under Premier Stalin in the 1920s-1950s. What economic, social, and cultural factors led to a totalitarian experiment, and with what positive and negative results?

Define Fascism and describe Robert O. Paxon's five "stages" of Fascism with some reference to Germany's path in the 1920s through 1940s.

You should be able to discuss the Cold War's origin, conflict, and outcome. In your answer, you are able to point to the ideological origins of the Cold War, the global flashpoints, and point out the ultimate victor. You should be able to address whether the end of the Cold War also meant the “End of History”.

According to Reilly, what are the characteristics of a city? What advantages and disadvantages did civilized/urban life offer?

Explain the Eurocentric view of geography and history.

How was Napoleon Bonaparte credited for taming the French Revolution and how was French domination received throughout Europe?

Despite the creole elites' disenchantment with Spanish rule, what events in Europe instigated independence movements in Latin America (include the movements of Fathers Hidalgo and Jose Morelos, and Simon Bolivar and Jose San Martin)?

While the Haitian Revolution had been the only successful slave revolt in history, what were the social, political, and economic outcomes of it?

What accounts for the growth of nationalism as a powerful political and personal identity in the nineteenth century?

What were the achievements and limitations of nineteenth century feminism?

The Roman Empire had considerably Romanized the Mediterranean world (and beyond) during the classical period. In your words, and according to your understanding and analysis of the chapters you read, what happened to that Romanized world during the postclassical period?

In terms of the course of world historical developments, what role did the Byzantine Empire play both for what it accomplished within its own borders and in the wider world beyond them?

How did beliefs and developments in Islam's earliest years (up to c.633) influence the way in which Muslims viewed the wider world and behaved towards it over the first century or so (up to c.750)? And in the centuries that followed 750, did that view and behavior stay consistent as Islam continued to come into contact with traditions elsewhere?

Write a text that explains the influence that China had on the wider Asian world around it during the postclassical period.

How does India's postclassical history compare to the postclassical history of China (to India's east) and of the Byzantine, Islamic, and Western European societies (to India's west)?

How are Chinese society and culture portrayed and critiqued?

Identify the major differences between the Russian and Chinese Revolutions.

How did the Chinese Communist Party adapt its ideology and strategy during its long struggle to power?

In undertaking the push for modernization, how were China and Russia able to construct a socialist societies? In economic terms?

What changes did communist regimes bring to the lives of women?

How did the collectivization of agriculture differ between the USSR and China?

How did the United States and the Soviet Union court third world countries?

Explain the economic and moral failures of the communist experiment. (Could the USSR match the West in quality and availability of consumer goods?)

What was the result of the reforms instituted by Deng Xiaoping?

What were the political and economic problems of the Ottoman Empire?

What is the outcome of the duel between Tumus and Pallas? How does Juno trick and save Turnus? What is the effect on the battle after the departure of Turnus? What is the fate of Mezentias?

While trying to recapture Saint-Domingue and reestablish French rule, Napoleon

The lists of grievances drawn up by the delegates of the three Estates were called the

The leader of the Haitian Revolution, who did not live to see independence, was

The French financial system all but broke down completely because of Louis XVI's support of

The event that marked the beginning of the French Revolution was the

One group that helped fuel the public discourse and the sphere in which political ideas were debated was the

Of the Terror, it can be stated that

In the spring of 1792, after a brief and brutally repressed rebellion and the invasion of the island by British and Spanish forces, the French government tried to rally the defenses of Saint-Domingue by

In 1790, the free people of color of Saint-Domingue sent a delegation of men to join the National Assembly in Paris:

During the summer of 1792:

Between 1787 and 1780, the unemployment rate in many French cities may have been as high as

Although he was not responsible for initiating the Reign of Terror, _____ was responsible for enlarging its scope.

With the rise in literacy and the growth of the book business in the eighteenth century, censorship

Various societies and venues such as coffeehouses arose to break the monopoly of elites over public discussion. Among these venues were

The eighteenth-century Enlightenment produced an elite, or high, culture that was typified by

Probably the most famous of the philosophes was Voltaire, whose attitude toward injustice, fanaticism, and intolerance was solidified due to a murder case tried in 1762. The defendant in this case was

One of the key cultural developments that made the Enlightenment possible was

Mary Wollstonecraft believed that equality laid the basis for virtue and thus argued that society ought to seek "the perfection of our nature and capability of___________ ."

Jean-Jacques Rousseau argued that

During the eighteenth century, all the economic developments and the development of a much expanded consumer culture contributed to a widely held view that

Concentrated first in northwestern Europe, an exploding consumer economy developed. The fastest-growing sector of the eighteenth-century economy in Britain was

Although much exploration was carried out by the French and the British, people from many other nations participated in the exploration of the New World. One of these, , was hailed by Charles Darwin as "the greatest scientific traveler who ever lived."

According to Jean-Jacques Rousseau, people were born into a state of natural freedom, but

A print culture began to grow significantly during the eighteenth century, which helped usher in possibly the first daily newspapers in _______ in 1702.

A philosophe, as the term was used in the Enlightenment, can be defined as an individual who was a/an

Which of the following countries developed into an autocracy during the early modern period but also underwent a process of modernization and westernization?

The wars of Louis XIV:

The relatively peaceful transfer of power to William and Mary and the establishment of a mixed monarchy are often referred to as:

The government of France under Louis XIV would be best described as:

The goal of Peter the Great's foreign policy was to:

The foundations of the growth of Prussia were laid by:

One tenet of mercantilism was the:

In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, absolutism was a political theory that was strengthened by:

Guided by the powerful merchant families, the Dutch Republic was able for some time to:

French colonies in North America were intended to be trading centers and:

During the 1670s, England's powerful elites divided into two factions. One was the Tories, who were:

By 1688, England had arrived at a kind of constitutional settlement but it was still grappling with two key questions, one of which was:

According to the justification given for absolutism, the fundamental basis for order and justice in the world is:

Absolutist rulers such as Louis XIV sought control over the state because:

The uncertainties caused by European colonization in the Americas and religious and political warfare at home all resulted in

Parliamentary forces in the English Civil War were primarily made up of

One of the factors that contributed to the long-term hostilities between England and Spain was

Much of the literature and art from 1550-1660 sought to

More than any other commodity, the slave trade was driven by the European appetite for

In economic terms, the early colonization of the Americas had the most profound impact on

Economic stagnation in most of Europe after 1600 was caused by

Early Modern crises of religious & political authority led many scholars & authors to

Both Protestants and Catholics supported the inc. powerful governments of their time by

A main cause of immigration from England to its colonies was

Which country is often regarded as Britain's Colonial laboratory?

Which of the following is NOT one of the research questions guiding our course?

In which year did Christopher Columbus ‘discover' America, and thus help to pave the way for Europe empire in the ‘new world'?

Between 1740 and 1807, the British shipped _____ Slaves annually to their American colonies

Who wrote the monograph entitled Imagined communities: Reflections of the Origin and Spared of Nationalism

According to the theory of Alfred Crosby, the united states, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Argentina, and Uruguay were

Which of the following is NOT considered a major contributing factor in the decline of the British Empire?

Which war, critical in the history of the British Empire, Occurred 1775-1784?

Which was not one of the main causes of decolonisation in the British Empire?

What was Britain's governing strategy in India?

Which historian gives this explanation of ‘empire'?

Having established the ‘triple alliance' and conquered the Tepanecs, the Aztecs established their empire in

The Aztec Population decline from

Which factor did NOT contribute to the fall of the Aztec empire?

The Mexica saw it was their sacred duty to

Claire Walker stated that according to this historian, victims of Aztec sacrifice believed in the importance of sacrifice for the sun:

Tribute collected in the Aztec Empire

Which of the following methods did Aztecs use to govern their subject people?