What were the political and economic problems of the Ottoman Empire?. World History

Politically, the central state had weakened and couldn’t raise revenues, as provincial authorities and local warlords gained great power. Additionally, the Janissaries—the elite military corps of the Ottoman state—had

become reactionary defenders of the status quo whose military ineffectiveness was obvious; and foreign consuls granted privileges to Ottoman citizens (Jews, Greeks, Armenians) which effectively removed them from Ottoman control.

Economically, there was a huge technological gap with the West; commerce diminished as Europeans achieved direct oceanic access to the East; competition from European manufactured goods led to protesting foreign imports; and foreign merchants were immune from Ottoman laws.

Materials by theme: