John Watson - Began Behaviourism as observable behaviours, nothing with higher mental processes.

  • Mainly studied animals in controlled labs where environmental stimuli and behaviour can be examined.
  • Contributed to a lab approach of studying mental process (created IV & DV).

Frederick Bartlett (1930) - Memory research concentrating on processes involving how we actively construct material rather than recall like a fading photo. (Remember meaningful material & events changing)

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