- geographies: We are going to focus on the history of Africa and South-Asia Narrative: What kind of stories do we want to tell?
- 'grand narrative'
Time/periodisation: Where do we start?
- Big History: Starts from the beginning, in this course we start from the year 1000. Who's world are we talking about? Who is writing about it?
Herodotus: Traveled from Bodrum to Romania and he performs personal inquiries/ autopsys: He listened people in the different lands with different myths and stories and he wrote them down.
Al-Sharif al-Idrisi (ca 1100 - 1166): Whas a moslim scholar who went to sicilie. He made a map. Al- Idri’si was een moslimgeleerde uit de twaalfde eeuw die kan worden beschouwd als een van de eerste geleerden op het gebied van de wereldgeschiedenis. Hij is bekend geworden als de maker van een landkaart die deel uitmaakt van een aardrijkskundig compendium van Rogier II, koning van Sici^. Deze kaart, vervaardigd op basis van Griekse, islamitische en christelijke aardrijkskundige kennis, toont de wereld als een cirkelvormige landmassa omgeven door een oceaan en afgebeeld met het zuiden bovenaan: dat was immers de richting waarin werd gebeden.
History writing in 19th century Europe
- Emergence of the nation-state in European
- Historians as professionals
- Narrative creates a sense of belonging
- Written documents
- Belief in European biological superiority devaluing other cultures and histories, the study of non-western history wasn't history but anthropology.
- 'Civilisation'
Oswald Spengler
German scholar. writer: Der Untergang des Abendlandes. He rejects the idea of a lineair movement of history, but said that history moves in cycles of ‘High Cultures' (organic view of history) The west had already reached the highes point of civilization, so now decline would take place.
World history does include European history, but there is much more to it. Thinking about Europe as part of a larger system.
Provincializing Europe
Dipesh Chakrabarty: Al concepts that scholars where using to understand, like citizenship, the state, individual, all come from European background. So they were using European concepts to understand non-European history. Postcolonial nations are always seen as ‘not yet'having made it to e.g. political (capitalist) modernity, the ultimate form being the nation-state.
Aim: De-centring Europe, globalizing European thought. By for example looking beyond the nation state and changing Grand narratice.“Grand narrative: The story to make sense of the past. See non-west as equal as the west, not one trying to live up to the other (balanced comparison). Look at how the west and non-west influence each other, “Connected histories. Use sources such as written, visual material, but mostly research through objects.
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