Gilbert White was the first person to question the traditional ways that hazards were controlled
by asserting that river control schemes were not necessarily the best, or the only way to tackle
flood problems. This cast natural hazards into a human ecological framework, operating at the
interface of both natural and human systems, which allowed for other solutions than the
structural schemes as then implemented by civil engineers. This influenced sociologists to begin
their own interpretation of the role played by people in ‘natural’ hazards.