• Despite the optimism of the early 1950s among emerging Third World leaders for a brighter future for their nations and peoples, in reality most situations did not live up to their hopes.
  • As time wore on, the common characteristics of most Third World locales tended to evolve as follows:
  • Patterns of poverty and underdevelopment, firmly established during colonial rule, remained endemic despite the best efforts of new national liberation movements and the governments they established.
  • Dependency on foreign capital and trade continued as the norm, especially in Latin America.
  • Military coups and dictatorships became commonplace. These were often supported by the CIA in opposition to socialist leaders or governments.
  • There was increasing violence, often in the process of decolonization or national liberation, but also continuing afterward the mix.
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