Physical Changes in Infancy and Childhood. Psychology

Four Critical Areas of Adjustment for Newborns

  • Respiration
  • Digestion
  • Circulation
  • Temperature Regulation

Infant Reflexes for Survival

  • Sucking
  • Rooting
  • Moro (startle reflex)
  • Grasping
  • Stepping
  • Babinski (plantar reflex)

Infant's Senses

  • Fairly well developed at birth except vision
  • Vision is blurry and lacking in full color perception until about 6 months
  • Gross and fine motor skills develop quickly in infancy and early childhood
  • Voluntary muscle control starts from top down