• Relay station for sensory information* to the appropriate regions of the cortex
  • *Except smell, which has its own pathway from the olfactory bulb to the brain


  • Controls hunger, thirst, sexual behavior, sleeping and waking, and emotions
  • Also controls the pituitary gland


  • Curved structure within each temporal lobe
  • Forms long-term declarative memories and stores memory of the locations of objects


  • Controls fear responses and memory of fearful stimuli

Dopamine Centers

  • Ventral tegmental area
  • Ventral pallidum
  • Nucleus accumbens
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