- Fire has a powerful influence of community structure and composition
- In the temperate regions of Australia, fire-prone habitats are regularly hot and dry in summer but cold and wet in winter. Fire events tend to occur in late autumn and winter provides moisture for germination.
- Fire has a marked impact in most Australian habitats both directly and indirectly effects on reproductive success
- Many native Australian plants have adapted to need fire to reproduce. This is either achieved by burning off the adult to resprout the seedling or for as a germination cue in the seed bank.
Advantages to having fire as germination cue
- Post fire, seeds may come into contact with charred vegetative material and use it as a nutrient source
- Nutrients released by ashing
- Fire may kill off pathogens
- Light at ground level is more available
- Diurnal temperature ranges become more enhanced.